Taiwan's Legislative has passed the regulation “ Indoor Air Quality Management Act ”, schools, libraries, cinemas and restaurants and other indoor public places require to monitor indoor air quality regularly. If the reading is unqualified, and did not improve within the time limit, the owner or managers will be Impose fines.even may be prohibited to break up business. The legislation also makes Taiwan become the worldwide second legislative country of indoor air quality management after South Korea.
This legislation referred to "indoor" includes the enclosed or semi-confined space, and public transportation. Thus schools, medical institutions, government institutions, cinema, KTV, hotels, and car space of metro, railway, high-speed railway are considered to be monitored.

Causes and Effects of Sick Schools Vary
In this special report, Sick Schools: A National Problem, Education World examines the varied causes and effects of environmental problems in our nation's schools. Research has found links between learning and environmental contaminants. Are school environments resulting in increased numbers of children with learning disabilities and ADHD? Can sick schools affect student concentration? Can school overcrowding exacerbate problems?
The most dramatic increase in health problems caused by environmental conditions has been childhood asthma rates. The EPA report states that the number of children with asthma in the United States increased 75 percent between 1980 and 1994. That rise affected all racial and ethnic groups.
Asthma diagnoses have increased at even greater rates for children under five years old during the past 15 years, increasing about 160 percent, notes Mary Smith, director of the Indoor Environments Division of the
EPA. "Nobody really knows why it's happening," she says. "But it is true that indoor air triggers asthma attacks and causes asthma."

Environmental Justice and The Indoor Environment
Asthma. Asthma is the leading serious chronic illness of children in the US. Asthma can be aggravated by exposure to pollutant "triggers" such as ETS, molds, and allergens such as cockroaches, animal dander, and dust mites. Asthma triggers may be more prevalent inside homes with indoor air quality (IAQ) problems such as inadequate ventilation, accumulation of allergens, or mold and mildew problems resulting from cracks and leaks in building surfaces. Poor IAQ, often found in deteriorating housing units, combined with outdoor air pollution will further exacerbate an asthma condition. Disproportionate numbers of people of color and of low-income live in areas of high outdoor air pollution, and may be exposed to more environmental asthma triggers. These exposures, along with factors such as lack of access to preventative health care, may explain why the ALA found that although African Americans represent one in eight of the US population (12.5%), they account for one in five deaths due to asthma (21.5%).
Reference: Education World: School Issues and Education News: School Issues and Education News : Causes and Effects of Sick Schools
Reference: National Education Association Health Information Network
  February 1998